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Genome-wide meta-analysis associates HLA-DQA1/DRB1 and LPA and lifestyle factors with human longevity

Joshi, Peter K and Pirastu, Nicola and Kentistou, Katherine A and Fischer, Krista and Hofer, Edith and Schraut, Katharina E and Clark, David W and Nutile, Teresa and Barnes, Catriona LK and Timmers, Paul RHJ and Shen, Xia and Gandin, Ilaria and McDaid, Aaron F and Hansen, Thomas Folkmann and Gordon, Scott D and Giulianini, Franco and Boutin, Thibaud S and Abdellaoui, Abdel and Zhao, Wei and Medina-Gomez, Carolina and Bartz, Traci M and Trompet, Stella and Lange, Leslie A and Raffield, Laura and van der Spek, Ashley and Galesloot, Tessel E and Proitsi, Petroula and Yanek, Lisa R and Bielak, Lawrence F and Payton, Antony and Murgia, Federico and Concas, Maria Pina and Biino, Ginevra and Tajuddin, Salman M and Seppälä, Ilkka and Amin, Najaf and Boerwinkle, Eric and Børglum, Anders D and Campbell, Archie and Demerath, Ellen W and Demuth, Ilja and Faul, Jessica D and Ford, Ian and Gialluisi, Alessandro and Gögele, Martin and Graff, MariaElisa and Hingorani, Aroon and Hottenga, Jouke-Jan and Hougaard, David M and Hurme, Mikko A and Ikram, M Arfan and Jylhä, Marja and Kuh, Diana and Ligthart, Lannie and Lill, Christina M and Lindenberger, Ulman and Lumley, Thomas and Mägi, Reedik and Marques-Vidal, Pedro and Medland, Sarah E and Milani, Lili and Nagy, Reka and Ollier, William ER and Peyser, Patricia A and Pramstaller, Peter P and Ridker, Paul M and Rivadeneira, Fernando and Ruggiero, Daniela and Saba, Yasaman and Schmidt, Reinhold and Schmidt, Helena and Slagboom, P Eline and Smith, Blair H and Smith, Jennifer A and Sotoodehnia, Nona and Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth and van Rooij, Frank JA and Verbeek, André L and Vermeulen, Sita H and Vollenweider, Peter and Wang, Yunpeng and Werge, Thomas and Whitfield, John B and Zonderman, Alan B and Lehtimäki, Terho and Evans, Michele K and Pirastu, Mario and Fuchsberger, Christian and Bertram, Lars and Pendleton, Neil and Kardia, Sharon LR and Ciullo, Marina and Becker, Diane M and Wong, Andrew and Psaty, Bruce M and van Duijn, Cornelia M and Wilson, James G and Jukema, J Wouter and Kiemeney, Lambertus and Uitterlinden, André G and Franceschini, Nora and North, Kari E and Weir, David R and Metspalu, Andres and Boomsma, Dorret I and Hayward, Caroline and Chasman, Daniel and Martin, Nicholas G and Sattar, Naveed and Campbell, Harry and Esko, Tōnu and Kutalik, Zoltán and Wilson, James F (2017) Genome-wide meta-analysis associates HLA-DQA1/DRB1 and LPA and lifestyle factors with human longevity. Nature Communications, 8 (1). ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract

Genomic analysis of longevity offers the potential to illuminate the biology of human aging. Here, using genome-wide association meta-analysis of 606,059 parents' survival, we discover two regions associated with longevity (HLA-DQA1/DRB1 and LPA). We also validate previous suggestions that APOE, CHRNA3/5, CDKN2A/B, SH2B3 and FOXO3A influence longevity. Next we show that giving up smoking, educational attainment, openness to new experience and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels are most positively genetically correlated with lifespan while susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD), cigarettes smoked per day, lung cancer, insulin resistance and body fat are most negatively correlated. We suggest that the effect of education on lifespan is principally mediated through smoking while the effect of obesity appears to act via CAD. Using instrumental variables, we suggest that an increase of one body mass index unit reduces lifespan by 7 months while 1 year of education adds 11 months to expected lifespan.Variability in human longevity is genetically influenced. Using genetic data of parental lifespan, the authors identify associations at HLA-DQA/DRB1 and LPA and find that genetic variants that increase educational attainment have a positive effect on lifespan whereas increasing BMI negatively affects lifespan.

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