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ZIF-11 derived nanoporous carbons with ultrahigh uptakes for capture and reversible storage of volatile iodine

Han, TT and Wang, LN and Potgieter, JH (2019) ZIF-11 derived nanoporous carbons with ultrahigh uptakes for capture and reversible storage of volatile iodine. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 282. ISSN 0022-4596

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Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Inc. In this work, three nanoporous carbon materials Z11-700, Z11-800 and Z11-900 were synthesized by a one-step calcination of zeolitic imidazolate framework-11 (ZIF-11) at 700, 800 and 900 ​°C, respectively. The samples obtained were characterized by SEM, PXRD, FT-IR, Raman spectra and N2 adsorption. The results showed that the three ZIF-11 derived samples were micro/mesoporous and had high BET surface areas and pore volumes. Of the synthesized samples, Z11-900 displayed an excellent iodine vapour uptake of 3775 ​mg/g which was superior compared with Z11-700 and Z11-800, as well as other reported solid state materials. What is more, the regeneration efficiency of Z11-900 for iodine molecules was near to 90% (3672 ​mg/g) after three cycles of reuse. The easy operation, highly-effective and recyclable features enable the ZIF-11 derived nanoporous carbons to be a promising adsorbent for applications in environmental remediation.

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