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A meta-review of typologies of global citizenship education

Pashby, Karen and da Costa, Marta and Stein, Sharon and Andreotti, Vanessa (2020) A meta-review of typologies of global citizenship education. Comparative Education, 56 (2). pp. 144-164. ISSN 0305-0068


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This paper reports on a reflexive exercise contributing a meta-mapping of typologies of GCE and supplementary analysis of that mapping. Applying a heuristic of three main discursive orientations reflected in much of the literature on GCE—neoliberal, liberal, and critical—and their interfaces, we created a social cartography of how 9 journal articles categorize GCE. We found the greatest confluence within the neoliberal, greatest number within the liberal, and a conflation of different ‘types’ of GCE within the critical orientation. We identified interfaces between neoliberal-liberal and liberal-critical orientations as well as new interfaces: neoconservative-neoliberal-liberal, critical-liberal-neoliberal, and critical-post critical. Despite considerable diversity of GCE orientations, we argue GCE typologies remain largely framed by a limited range of possibilities, particularly when considered as implicated in the modern-colonial imaginary. In a gesture toward expanding future possibilities for GCE, we propose a new set of distinctions between methodological, epistemological, and ontological levels.

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