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An Adaptive Distributed Averaging Integral Control Scheme for Micro-Grids with Renewable Intermittency and Varying Operating Cost

Rustam, MA and Khan, B and Ali, SM and Qureshi, MB and Mehmood, CA and Khan, MUS and Nawaz, R (2019) An Adaptive Distributed Averaging Integral Control Scheme for Micro-Grids with Renewable Intermittency and Varying Operating Cost. IEEE Access.

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Abstract

The increasing penetration of intermittent renewable energy resources in micro-grids poses several issues, such as stochastic power generation, demand and supply miss-match, frequency fluctuation, and economic dispatch problems. To address such critical issues, a distributed secondary control scheme based for micro-grids with varying operating cost and intermittent renewable energy resources is proposed for frequency regulation and economic load dispatch. The paper presents an adaptive distributed averaging integral control scheme with conditional uncertainties, namely varying operating costs, and renewable intermittency. The proposed control scheme adapts to the uncertainties by updating the control law parameters dynamically and can maintain overall network stability. The distributed control scheme employs communication channels for exchange of generation data from the neighboring power units for optimal power sharing and consensus among the power units. An additional controller at tertiary control layer of the hierarchical control architecture is also augmented in the control structure to economically dispatch the load and the consensus-based algorithm guarantees optimal load sharing. The proposed communication based control scheme reveals the best combination of performance and flexibility. A performance-based comparative analysis is also presented, validating the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme compared to the prior works. The robustness and performance of the proposed control scheme is illustrated through computer simulations.

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