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OGMAD: Optimal GTS-Allocation Mechanism for Adaptive Data Requirements in IEEE 802.15.4 Based Internet of Things

Alvi, Ahmad Naseem and Khan, Sangrez and Javed, Muhammad Awais and Konstantin, Kostromitin and Almagrabi, Alaa Omran and Bashir, Ali Kashif and Nawaz, Raheel (2019) OGMAD: Optimal GTS-Allocation Mechanism for Adaptive Data Requirements in IEEE 802.15.4 Based Internet of Things. IEEE Access, 7. pp. 170629-170639.

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Abstract

Future Internet of Things (IoT) will utilize IEEE 802.15.4 based low data rate communication for various applications. In the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, nodes send data to their Personal Area Network (PAN) coordinator using the Guaranteed Time Slot (GTS). The standard does not meet the adaptive data requirements of GTS requesting nodes in an efficient manner. If requesting GTSs in an active period are more or less than the available limit, either the requested nodes will not be entertained or GTSs remain underutilized. Consequently, it may cause unnecessary delay or poor GTS utilization. In this paper, an Optimal GTS allocation Mechanism for Adaptive Duty cycle (OGMAD) is proposed that adapts the active period of the superframe in accordance with the requested data. OGMAD also reduces GTS size to improve link utilization as well as accommodate more GTS requesting nodes. Simulation results verify that OGMAD improves link utilization, reduces network delay and offers more nodes to transmit their data as compared to the standard.

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