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Five-year longitudinal changes in thigh muscle mass of septuagenarian men and women assessed with DXA and MRI

Cameron, James and McPhee, Jamie S and Jones, David A and Degens, Hans (2019) Five-year longitudinal changes in thigh muscle mass of septuagenarian men and women assessed with DXA and MRI. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research.

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Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were used to assess changes in thigh lean mass in septuagenarian men and women during a 5-year longitudinal study. Twenty-four older individuals participated in the study (10 men: 71.6 ± 4.1 years; 14 women: 71.3 ± 3.2 years at baseline). Thigh MRI and whole-body DXA scans were used to estimate changes in thigh lean mass. Both MRI and DXA showed that thigh lean mass was reduced by approximately 5% (P = 0.001) over the 5-year period in both men and women. The percentage loss of muscle mass determined with MRI and DXA showed moderate correlation (R2 = 0.466; P < 0.001). Bland–Altman analysis showed that the average change over 5 years of follow-up measured by DXA was only 0.18% greater than MRI, where the limits of agreement between DXA and MRI were ± 10.4%. Baseline thigh lean mass did not predict the percentage loss of thigh lean mass over the 5-year period (R2 = 0.003; P = 0.397), but a higher baseline body fat percentage was associated with a larger loss of thigh muscle mass in men (R2 = 0.677; P < 0.003) but not in women (R2 = 0.073; P < 0.176). In conclusion, (1) DXA and MRI showed a similar percentage loss of muscle mass over a 5-year period in septuagenarian men and women that (2) was independent of baseline muscle mass, but (3) increased with higher baseline body fat percentage in men.

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