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Evolution of the Cultural Trade Network in “the Belt and Road” Region: Implication for Global Cultural Sustainability

Chen, Qiao and Cheng, Jianquan and Wu, Zhiqin (2019) Evolution of the Cultural Trade Network in “the Belt and Road” Region: Implication for Global Cultural Sustainability. Sustainability, 11 (10). ISSN 2071-1050

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Abstract

While there has been increasing concern with respect to the sustainable development of “the Belt and Road” region, the majority of studies have focused on economic and environmental dimensions. This paper focuses on the temporal cultural trade network between the 66 countries of this region between 1990 and 2016. A social network analysis method was used to analyze the cultural trade network and its temporal evolution, where results detected key nodes and cultural corridors. Furthermore, the conceptual point-line-polygon model, which summarizes the expansion of such cultural nodes and corridors between 1990 and 2016, reveals the rapid development of cultural exchanges within the region. Here, the varied roles of large and small-sized countries were found to be dominated by China, Russia, and India. While the cultural trade network has promoted the integration of cultural diversity into the global market, to achieve global cultural sustainability more active trading relations with small-sized countries should be encouraged.

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