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A Console GRID Leveraged Authentication and Key Agreement Mechanism for LTE/SAE

Arul, Rajakumar and Raja, Gunasekaran and Bashir, Ali Kashif and Chaudry, Junaid and Ali, Amjad (2018) A Console GRID Leveraged Authentication and Key Agreement Mechanism for LTE/SAE. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 14 (6). pp. 2677-2689. ISSN 1551-3203

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Abstract

Growing popularity of multimedia applications, pervasive connectivity, higher bandwidth, and euphoric technology penetration among bulk of the human race that happens to be cellular technology users, has fueled the adaptation to long-term evolution (LTE)/system architecture evolution. The LTE fulfills the resource demands of the next generation applications for now. We identify security issues in authentication mechanism used in LTE that without countermeasures might give super user rights to unauthorized users. The LTE uses static LTE key to derive the entire key hierarchy, i.e., LTE follows Evolved Packet System–Authentication and Key Agreement based authentication, which discloses user identity, location, and other personally identifiable information. To counter this, we propose a public key cryptosystem named “International mobile subscriber identity Protected Console Grid based Authentication and Key Agreement (IPG-AKA) protocol” to address the vulnerabilities related to weak key management. From the data obtained from threat modeling and simulation results, we claim that the IPG-AKA scheme not only improves security of authentication procedures, but also shows improvements in authentication loads and reduction in key generation time. The empirical results and qualitative analysis presented in this paper prove that IPG-AKA improves security in authentication procedure and performance in the LTE.

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