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Pharmacological actions of nobiletin in the modulation of platelet function

Vaiyapuri, Sakthivel and Roweth, Harvey and Ali, Marfoua S and Unsworth, Amanda J and Stainer, Alexander R and Flora, Gagan D and Crescente, Marilena and Jones, Chris I and Moraes, Leonardo A and Gibbins, Jonathan M (2015) Pharmacological actions of nobiletin in the modulation of platelet function. British Journal of Pharmacology, 172 (16). pp. 4133-4145. ISSN 0007-1188

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Abstract

Background and Purpose The discovery that flavonoids are capable of inhibiting platelet function has led to their investigation as potential antithrombotic agents. However, despite the range of studies on the antiplatelet properties of flavonoids, little is known about the mechanisms by which flavonoids inhibit platelet function. In this study, we aimed to explore the pharmacological effects of a polymethoxy flavonoid, nobiletin, in the modulation of platelet function. Experimental Approach The ability of nobiletin to modulate platelet function was explored by using a range of in vitro and in vivo experimental approaches. Aggregation, dense granule secretion and spreading assays were performed using washed platelets. Fibrinogen binding, α‐granule secretion and calcium mobilization assays were performed using platelet‐rich plasma and whole blood was used in impedance aggregometry and thrombus formation experiments. The effect of nobiletin in vivo was assessed by measuring tail bleeding time using C57BL/6 mice. Key Results Nobiletin was shown to suppress a range of well‐established activatory mechanisms, including platelet aggregation, granule secretion, integrin modulation, calcium mobilization and thrombus formation. Nobiletin extended bleeding time in mice and reduced the phosphorylation of PKB (Akt) and PLCγ2 within the collagen receptor (glycoprotein VI)‐stimulated pathway, in addition to increasing the levels of cGMP and phosphorylation of vasodilator‐stimulated phosphoprotein, a protein whose activity is associated with inhibitory cyclic nucleotide signalling. Conclusions and Implications This study provides insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms through which nobiletin modulates haemostasis and thrombus formation. Therefore, nobiletin may represent a potential antithrombotic agent of dietary origins.

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