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The chaperone protein HSP47: a platelet collagen binding protein that contributes to thrombosis and hemostasis.

Sasikumar, P and AlOuda, KS and Kaiser, WJ and Holbrook, LM and Kriek, N and Unsworth, AJ and Bye, AP and Sage, T and Ushioda, R and Nagata, K and Farndale, RW and Gibbins, JM (2018) The chaperone protein HSP47: a platelet collagen binding protein that contributes to thrombosis and hemostasis. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (JTH), 16 (5). pp. 946-959. ISSN 1538-7836

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Abstract

Essentials Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), a collagen specific chaperone is present on the platelet surface. Collagen mediated platelet function was reduced following blockade or deletion of HSP47. GPVI receptor regulated signalling was reduced in HSP47 deficient platelets. Platelet HSP47 tethers to exposed collagen thus modulating thrombosis and hemostasis.Objective Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) is an intracellular chaperone protein that is vital for collagen biosynthesis in collagen secreting cells. This protein has also been shown to be present on the surface of platelets. Given the importance of collagen and its interactions with platelets in triggering hemostasis and thrombosis, in this study we sought to characterize the role of HSP47 in these cells. Methods and Results The deletion of HSP47 in mouse platelets or its inhibition in human platelets reduced their function in response to collagen and the GPVI agonist (CRP-XL), but responses to thrombin were unaltered. In the absence of functional HSP47, the interaction of collagen with platelets was reduced, and this was associated with reduced GPVI-collagen binding, signalling and platelet activation. Thrombus formation on collagen, under arterial flow conditions, was also decreased following the inhibition or deletion of HSP47, in the presence or absence of eptifibatide, consistent with a role for HSP47 in enhancing platelet adhesion to collagen. Platelet adhesion under flow to von Willebrand factor was unaltered following HSP47 inhibition. Laser-induced thrombosis in cremaster muscle arterioles was reduced and bleeding time was prolonged in HSP47-deficient mice or following inhibition of HSP47. Conclusions Our study demonstrates the presence of HSP47 on the platelet surface, where it interacts with collagen, stabilizes platelet adhesion and increases collagen-mediated signalling and therefore thrombus formation and hemostasis.

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