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The temporal cellular expression of c-fos an c-jun in mechanically stimulated rabbit latissimus dorsi muscle

OSBALDESTON, NJ and LEE, DM and COX, VM and HESKETH, JE and MORRISON, JFJ and BLAIR, GE and GOLDSPINK, DF (1995) The temporal cellular expression of c-fos an c-jun in mechanically stimulated rabbit latissimus dorsi muscle. Biochemical Journal, 308 (2). pp. 465-471. ISSN 0264-6021

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Abstract

The levels of c-fos and c-jun mRNA were measured by reverse transcription PCR in the rabbit latissimus dorsi muscle following three separate training regimes, i.e. passive stretch, 10 Hz electrical stimulation or a combination of the two. Both c-fos and c-jun mRNA expression peaked at around 1 h after imposing stretch and at around 4.5-6 h after the initiation of electrical stimulation. The combined stretch/electrical stimulation regime induced biphasic expression of both c-fos and c-jun mRNA, with peaks coinciding temporally with those for the individual regimes. Immunostaining with anti-Fos and anti-Jun antibodies revealed the accumulation of these proteins in both myofibre and interstitial cell nuclei following passive stretch. In contrast, following electrical stimulation the localization of immunoreactive c-Fos and c-Jun proteins was predominantly in interstitial cell nuclei. c-Fos and c-Jun immunoreactivity was also clearly colocalized in a proportion of myonuclei from stretched muscle. These findings suggest that the rapid induction of c-fos and c-jun is an early event in response to mechanical stretch and might trigger [via activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcriptional factors] events leading to muscle fibre hypertrophy. However, the involvement of AP-1 in inducing the phenotypic changes in muscle fibres as a result of electrical stimulation appears less clear.

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