e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

Using environmental engineering to increase hand hygiene compliance: a cross-over study protocol

Schmidtke, Kelly Ann and Aujla, Navneet and Marshall, Tom and Hussain, Abid and Hodgkinson, Gerard P and Arheart, Kristopher and Marti, Joachim and Birnbach, David J and Vlaev, Ivo (2017) Using environmental engineering to increase hand hygiene compliance: a cross-over study protocol. BMJ Open, 7 (9). ISSN 2044-6055

[img]
Preview

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (362kB) | Preview

Abstract

Introduction Compliance with hand hygiene recommendations in hospital is typically less than 50%. Such low compliance inevitably contributes to hospitalacquired infections that negatively affect patients’ wellbeing and hospitals’ finances. The design of the present study is predicated on the assumption that most people who fail to clean their hands are not doing so intentionally, they just forget. The present study will test whether psychological priming can be used to increase the number of people who clean their hands on entering a ward. Here, we present the protocol for this study. Methods and analysis The study will use a randomised cross-over design. During the study, each of four wards will be observed during four conditions: olfactory prime, visual prime, both primes and neither prime. Each condition will be experienced for 42 days followed by a 7-day washout period (total duration of trial=189 days). We will record the number of people who enter each ward and whether they clean their hands during observation sessions, the amount of cleaning material used from the dispensers each week and the number of hospital-acquired infections that occur in each period. The outcomes will be compared using a regression analysis. Following the initial trail, the most effective priming condition will be rolled out for 3months in all the wards. Ethics and dissemination Research ethics approval was obtained from the South Central—Oxford C Research Ethics Committee (16/SC/0554), the Health Regulatory Authority and the sponsor. Trial registration number ISRCTN (15397624); Edge ID 86357.

Impact and Reach

Statistics

Downloads
Activity Overview
63Downloads
128Hits

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

Altmetric

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item