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A quantitative description of self-selected walking in adults with Achondroplasia using the gait profile score.

Sims, DT and Burden, A and Payton, C and Onambélé-Pearson, GL and Morse, CI (2018) A quantitative description of self-selected walking in adults with Achondroplasia using the gait profile score. Gait & Posture, 68. pp. 150-154. ISSN 0966-6362

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Achondroplasia is characterised by a shorter appendicular limb-to-torso ratio, compared to age matched individuals of average stature (controls). Previous work shows gait kinematics of individuals with Achondroplasia differing to controls, but no global quantification of gait has been made in adults with Achondroplasia. AIM: The aim of this study was to quantify gait differences between a group of adult males with Achondroplasia and controls during self-selected walking (SSW) using the Gait Profile Score (GPS). DESIGN: Whole body motion analysis of 10 adults with Achondroplasia (22 ± 3 yrs) who had not undergone leg lengthening and 17 adult controls (22 ± 2 yrs) was undertaken using a 14 camera VICON system (100 Hz). For each group, fifteen root mean squared Gait Variable Scores (GVS, units °) were computed from lower limb kinematic data and then summed to calculate GPS (°). RESULTS: The group with Achondroplasia had higher GVSs than controls in 10 of the 15 measures (P < 0.05) with the largest differences found in ankle plantar/dorsiflexion (P < 0.001), knee flexion/extension (P < 0.001), and hip internal/external rotation (P < 0.001). The GPS value of the group with Achondroplasia was 64% higher than controls (11.4° (2.0) v 4.1° (1.8), P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Gait is quantitatively different in adults with Achondroplasia compared to controls. The differences in GPS between groups are due to differences in joint kinematics, which are possibly manifested by maintaining toe-clearance during swing. Gait models derived from the anatomy of individuals with Achondroplasia may improve these data.

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