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How Rational versus Intuitive Thinking Styles predict Paranormal Belief.

Sunter, Natasha (2018) How Rational versus Intuitive Thinking Styles predict Paranormal Belief. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The present study investigated the extent to which thinking style predicted paranormal belief. To achieve this, Belief in Science indexed rational thinking, whilst cognitive-perceptual measures (reality testing, emotion-based reasoning and jumping to conclusions) indexed intuitive thinking. Additionally, relationships between thinking style related variables and specific facets of paranormal belief were explored. Past research has found positive correlations between intuitive thinking styles and belief in the paranormal. In contrast, negative correlations have been observed between rational thinking style and belief in the paranormal (Aarnio and Lindeman, 2005; Pennycook et al., 2012; Irwin and Young, 2002). A convenience sample of 278 participants completed an online questionnaire. Pearson’s correlations and a multiple regression analysed the collected data. Consistent with the hypotheses, the results yielded showed a positive relationship between intuitive thinking styles and belief in the paranormal, whilst rational thinking styles were found to negatively correlate with paranormal belief. Generally, correlations across separate facets of paranormal belief were consistent (ghosts, superstition, ESP, PK, astrology and witchcraft) with the exception of religion and aliens. Based on the findings of the study, future research should consider building on the implications and limitations of the present study.

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