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Effects of Survival Processing and Retention Interval on True and False Recognition in the DRM and Category Repetition Paradigms

Parker, Andrew and Dagnall, Neil and Abelson, Ashley (2018) Effects of Survival Processing and Retention Interval on True and False Recognition in the DRM and Category Repetition Paradigms. Memory, 27 (3). pp. 353-367. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

Two experiments examined the effects of survival processing and delay on true and related false recognition. Experiment 1 used the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm and found survival processing to increase true and related false recognition. Extending the delay from 5-mins to 1-day reduced true, but not false memory. Measures of the characteristics of true and false memories showed survival processing increased “remember” and “know” responses for related false memory, “know” responses for true memory and gist processing. Experiment 2 made use of the category repetition procedure and found a broadly similar pattern of results for true memory. However, related false memory was decreased by survival processing. Except for one result, no interactions were found between encoding task and delay. Overall, survival processing produced similar or different effects on true/false memory depending on the nature of the list. The mechanisms that might underpin these are evaluated and considered in relation to future work.

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