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A spatial overview of the global importance of Indigenous lands for conservation

Garnett, ST and Burgess, ND and Fa, John and Fernández-Llamazares, A and Molnár, Z and Robinson, CJ and Watson, JEM and Zander, KK and Austin, B and Brondizio, ES and Collier, NF and Duncan, T and Ellis, E and Geyle, H and Jackson, MV and Jonas, H and Malmer, P and McGowan, B and Sivongxay, A and Leiper, I (2018) A spatial overview of the global importance of Indigenous lands for conservation. Nature Sustainability, 1. pp. 369-374. ISSN 2398-9629

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Abstract

Understanding the scale, location and nature conservation values of the lands over which Indigenous Peoples exercise tradi- tional rights is central to implementation of several global conservation and climate agreements. However, spatial information on Indigenous lands has never been aggregated globally. Here, using publicly available geospatial resources, we show that Indigenous Peoples manage or have tenure rights over at least ~38 million km2 in 87 countries or politically distinct areas on all inhabited continents. This represents over a quarter of the world’s land surface, and intersects about 40% of all terrestrial protected areas and ecologically intact landscapes (for example, boreal and tropical primary forests, savannas and marshes). Our results add to growing evidence that recognizing Indigenous Peoples’ rights to land, benefit sharing and institutions is essential to meeting local and global conservation goals. The geospatial analysis presented here indicates that collaborative partnerships involving conservation practitioners, Indigenous Peoples and governments would yield significant benefits for conservation of ecologically valuable landscapes, ecosystems and genes for future generations.

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