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Real-world incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus in Alberta, Canada

Fatoye, F and Gebrye, T and Sevenson, L (2018) Real-world incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus in Alberta, Canada. Rheumatology International, 38 (9). pp. 1721-1726. ISSN 0172-8172

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Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is rather uncommon than rare. The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of SLE in the population of Alberta, Canada, using administrative health data. Multiple population-based data sources, including the Alberta Health Care Insurance Plan Central Stakeholder Registry (AHCIP CSR), Fee-For-Service, and Hospital Discharge Abstract Database were used. Age- and sex-specific incidence and prevalence rates, and 95% confidence intervals (CI), were computed using the AHCIP CSR mid-year population estimates as the denominator, for the period of 2000–2015. The overall incidence of SLE for all age groups was 4.43 (95% CI 3.65, 5.04) per 100,000 population. The overall incidence in male and female of all age groups was 1.26 (95% CI 0.72, 1.76) and 7.69 (95% CI 6.22, 8.81) per 100,000 population, respectively. A prevalence of 47.99 per 100,000 (male = 13.5, female = 83.2) of SLE was observed for the year 2000 and has increased to 90 (male = 25.5, female = 156.7) per 100,000 population in 2015. Over the 16-year period, the incidence of SLE in women was approximately six times higher than in men (odds ratio = 6.16). The highest and lowest incidence was recorded in 2001 and 2015, respectively. Despite the stable incidence of SLE, the findings of the study confirms that the prevalence of SLE has increased over the 16-year period. The increase in prevalence of SLE in Alberta will have an impact on health service utilizations. This finding can be used for planning and evaluating health services for this group of patients. Further studies are required to determine the economic burden of the condition.

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