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Improved numerical wave generation for modelling ocean and coastal engineering problems

Martínez Ferrer, P and Qian, Ling and Ma, Zhihua and Causon, D and Mingham, C (2018) Improved numerical wave generation for modelling ocean and coastal engineering problems. Ocean Engineering, 152. pp. 257-272. ISSN 0029-8018

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Abstract

We introduce a dynamic-boundary numerical wave generation procedure developed for wave structure interaction (WSI) simulations typical of ocean and coastal engineering problems. This implementation relies on a dynamic mesh which deforms in order to replicate the motion of the wave-maker, and it is integrated in wsiFoam: a multi-region coupling strategy applied to two-phase Navier-Stokes solvers developed in our previous work [Mart´ınez Ferrer et al. A multi-region coupling scheme for compressible and incompressible flow solvers for two-phase flow in a numerical wave tank. Computer & Fluids 125 (2016) 116–129]. The combination of the dynamic-boundary method with a multi-region mesh counteracts the increase in computational cost, which is intrinsic to simulations featuring dynamic domains. This approach results in a high performance computing wave generation strategy that can be utilised in a numerical wave tank to carry out accurate and efficient simulations of wave generation, propagation and interaction with fixed structures and floating bodies. We conduct a series of benchmarks to verify the implementation of this wave generation method and the capabilities of the solver wsiFoam to deal with wave structure interaction problems. These benchmarks include regular and focused waves, wave interaction with a floating body and the modelling of a wave energy converter, using different wave-maker geometries: piston, flap and plunger. The results gathered in this work agree well with experimental data measured in the laboratory and other numerical simulations.

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