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Facile preparation of a cellulose microfibers–exfoliated graphite composite: a robust sensor for determining dopamine in biological samples

Palanisamy, S and Yi-Fan, P and Chen, SM and Velusamy, V and Hall, JM (2017) Facile preparation of a cellulose microfibers–exfoliated graphite composite: a robust sensor for determining dopamine in biological samples. Cellulose, 24 (10). pp. 4291-4302. ISSN 0969-0239

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Abstract

© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media B.V. A simple and robust dopamine (DA) sensor was developed using a cellulose microfibers (CMF)–exfoliated graphite composite-modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) for the first time. The graphite-CMF composite was prepared by sonication of pristine graphite in CMF solution and was characterized by high-resolution scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform, infrared, and Raman spectroscopy. The cyclic voltammetry results reveal that the graphite-CMF composite modified SPCE has superior electrocatalytic activity against oxidation of dopamine than SPCE modified with pristine graphite and CMF. The presence of large edge plane defects on exfoliated graphite and abundant oxygen functional groups of CMF enhance electrocatalytic activity and decrease potential to oxidize DA. Differential pulse voltammetry was used to quantify DA using the graphite-CMF composite-modified SPCE and demonstrated a linear response for DA detection in the range of 0.06–134.5 µM. The sensor shows a detection limit at 10 nM with an appropriate sensitivity and displays appropriate recovery of DA in human serum samples with good repeatability. Sensor selectivity is demonstrated in the presence of 50-fold concentrations of potentially active interfering compounds including ascorbic acid, uric acid, and dihydroxybenzene isomers.

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