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Selective Colorimetric Detection of Nitrite in Water using Chitosan Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles Decorated Reduced Graphene oxide

Amanulla, B and Palanisamy, S and Chen, SM and Chiu, TW and Velusamy, V and Hall, JM and Chen, TW and Ramaraj, SK (2017) Selective Colorimetric Detection of Nitrite in Water using Chitosan Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles Decorated Reduced Graphene oxide. Scientific Reports, 7. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

© 2017 The Author(s). Excess nitrite (NO 2 - ) concentrations in water supplies is considered detrimental to the environment and human health, and is associated with incidence of stomach cancer. In this work, the authors describe a nitrite detection system based on the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) using an aqueous solution of chitosan and succinic acid. The AuNPs-rGO nanocomposite was confirmed by different physicochemical characterization methods including transmission electron microscopy, elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, UV-visible (UV-vis) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The AuNPs-rGO nanocomposite was applicable to the sensitive and selective detection of NO 2 - with increasing concentrations quantifiable by UV-vis spectroscopy and obvious to the naked eye. The color of the AuNPs-rGO nanocomposite changes from wine red to purple with the addition of different concertation of NO 2 - . Therefore, nitrite ion concentrations can be quantitatively detected using AuNPs-rGO sensor with UV-vis spectroscopy and estimated with the naked eye. The sensor is able to detect NO 2 - in a linear response ranging from 1 to 20 μM with a detection limit of 0.1 μM by spectrophotometric method. The as-prepared AuNPs-rGO nanocomposite shows appropriate selectivity towards NO 2 - in the presence of potentially interfering metal anions.

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