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Mechanical, pH and Thermal Stability of Mesoporous Hydroxyapatite

Kamieniak, J and Kelly, Peter and Banks, Craig and Doyle, Aidan (2017) Mechanical, pH and Thermal Stability of Mesoporous Hydroxyapatite. Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials, 28 (1). pp. 84-91. ISSN 1574-1443

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Abstract

The stability of mesoporous hydroxyapatite (HAP) powder was studied following treatments of ultrasound, pH and heating. HAP was found to be mechanically stable up to (and including) 1 h continuous ultrasonic treatment in water. The HAP structure was also stable to pH, evidenced by practically identical XRD and FTIR spectra over the pH range 2–12. The surface area increased progressively with increasing acidity, reaching a maximum of 121.9 m 2 g −1 at pH 2, while alkaline conditions decreased the surface area to a minimum of 55.4 m 2 g −1 at pH 12. Heating in air had a significant influence on the structural and morphological properties of HAP, which underwent dehydroxylation to form oxyhydroxyapatite (OHAP) at temperatures ≥ 650 °C, and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) ≥750 °C. The surface area decreased at elevated temperatures due to agglomeration of HAP crystals by sintering, which was associated with an increased particle size.

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