e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

Examining the role of frequency specificity in the enhancement and suppression of human cortical activity by auditory selective attention

Paltoglou, AE and Sumner, CJ and Hall, DA (2009) Examining the role of frequency specificity in the enhancement and suppression of human cortical activity by auditory selective attention. Hearing Research, 257 (1-2). pp. 106-118. ISSN 0378-5955

[img]
Preview

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (529kB) | Preview

Abstract

This study examined the neural basis of auditory selective attention using functional magnetic resonance imaging. The main hypothesis stated that attending to a particular sound frequency would significantly enhance the neural response within those tonotopic regions of the auditory cortex sensitive to that frequency. To test this prediction, low- and high-frequency sound sequences were interleaved to produce two concurrent auditory streams. Six normally hearing participants either performed a task which required them to attend to one or the other stream or listened passively to the sounds while functional images were acquired using a high-resolution (1.5 mm × 1.5 mm × 2.5 mm) sequence. Two statistical comparisons identified the attention-specific and general effects of enhancement. The first controlled for task-related processes, while the second did not. Results demonstrated frequency-specific, attention-specific enhancement in the response to the attended frequency, but no response suppression for the unattended frequency. Instead, a general effect of suppression was found in several posterior sites, possibly related to resting-state processes. Furthermore, there was widespread general enhancement across auditory cortex when performing the task compared to passive listening. This enhancement did include frequency-sensitive regions, but was not restricted to them. In conclusion, our results show partial support for frequency-specific enhancement. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Impact and Reach

Statistics

Downloads
Activity Overview
51Downloads
64Hits

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

Altmetric

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item