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An Experiment to Investigate the Combined Effects of Short-Term Memory and Eye Closure on Memory Performance

Kanshamba, Lish (2017) An Experiment to Investigate the Combined Effects of Short-Term Memory and Eye Closure on Memory Performance. Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The term memory refers to the various networks and processes concerned with the storage and retrieval of information (Davis et al, 2010). Memory plays huge role in our lives and is an essential part our existence and who we are (Burgess, 2000). Without access to memories we would find it almost impossible to function, plan for the future and learn within our present lives (Siegel et al, 2009; Shohamy and Adcock 2010; Postma et al, 2012). Therefore, the accuracy and fullness of our memory is highly vital (Vredeveldt et al, 2012; Guo et al, 2014). From this perspective, several techniques have been developed to improve memory in everyday life; one of these techniques involves the cognitive interview (this is dealt with briefly below). Another technique involves the use of eye closure. Previous research has shown that merely closing one’s eyes can improve memory and have beneficial effects on a range of cognitive tasks (Wagstaff et al, 2004; Perfect et al, 2008; Vredeveldt et al, 2014). The primary aim of the current study was to assess whether eye closure would influence the number of words freely recalled by participants, as well as investigate how much the level of recall would be affected by short-term memory capacity.

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