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Mediation in Urban Landscape Approaches: City Beautiful and Modernist Restructure in Bolton, Greater Manchester

Csepely-Knorr, L and Roberts, A (2017) Mediation in Urban Landscape Approaches: City Beautiful and Modernist Restructure in Bolton, Greater Manchester. Journal of Landscape Architecture (28). ISSN 1862-6033 (In Press)

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Abstract

Through a case study of Bolton, Greater Manchester, this paper discusses questions of continuous change, development and adaptation in the urban landscape, during the decline of industry from 1909-1963. The aim of the study is to explore the changing attitudes of planners towards revitalizing urban landscape design in northern England. This case study presents the analysis of two visionary plans: ‘Beautiful Bolton’, by landscape architect Thomas Hayton Mawson and ‘Town of the Future’ by urban designer Gordon Cullen. Both plans demonstrate an evolving idea of modernisation of the urban landscape, from the City Beautiful approach employed by Mawson, to the ‘Townscape’ modernism of Cullen.

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