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Numerical study of periodic long wave run-up on a rigid vegetation sloping beach

Tang, J and Shen, Y and Causon, DM and Qian, L and Mingham, CG (2017) Numerical study of periodic long wave run-up on a rigid vegetation sloping beach. Coastal Engineering, 121. pp. 158-166. ISSN 0378-3839

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Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Coastal vegetation can reduce long wave run-up on beaches and inland propagation distances and thus mitigate these hazards. This paper investigates periodic long wave run-up on coastal rigid vegetation sloping beaches via a numerical study. Rigid vegetation is approximated as rigid sticks, and the numerical model is based on an implementation of Morison's formulation [21] for rigid structures induced inertia and drag stresses in the nonlinear shallow water equations. The numerical model is solved via a finite volume method on a Cartesian cut cell mesh. The accuracy of the numerical model is validated by comparison with experimental results. The model is then applied to simulate various hypothetical cases of long periodic wave run-up on a sloping vegetated beach with different plant diameters and densities, and incident long waves with different periods. The sensitivity of long wave run-up to plant diameter, stem density and wave period is investigated by comparison of the numerical results for different vegetation characteristics and different wave periods. The numerical results show that rigid vegetation can effectively reduce long wave run-up and that wave run-up is decreased with increase of plant diameter and stem density. Moreover, the attenuation of long periodic wave run-up due to vegetation is sensitive to the variation of the incident wave period, and the attenuation of wave run-up is not increased or decreased monotonically with incident wave period.

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