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Long-term Late Cretaceous oxygen-and carbonisotope trends and planktonic foraminiferal turnover: A new record from the southern midlatitudes

Falzoni, F and Petrizzo, MR and Clarke, LJ and MacLeod, KG and Jenkyns, HC (2016) Long-term Late Cretaceous oxygen-and carbonisotope trends and planktonic foraminiferal turnover: A new record from the southern midlatitudes. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 128 (11-12). pp. 1725-1735. ISSN 0016-7606

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Abstract

© 2016 Geological Society of America. The ~35-m.y.-long Late Cretaceous greenhouse climate has been the subject of a number of studies, with emphasis on the Cenomanian-Turonian and late Campanian-Maastrichtian intervals. By contrast, far less information is available for the Turonian-early Campanian interval, even though it encompasses the transition out of the extreme warmth of the Cenomanian-Turonian greenhouse climate optimum and includes an ~3-m.y.-long mid-Coniacian-mid-Santonian interval when planktonic foraminifera underwent a large-scale, but poorly understood, turnover. This study presents ~1350 δ18O and δ13C values of wellpreserved benthic and planktonic foraminifera and of the <63 μm size fraction from the Exmouth Plateau off Australia (eastern Indian Ocean). These data provide: (1) the most continuous, highly resolved, and stratigraphically well-constrained record of longterm trends in Late Cretaceous oxygen-and carbon-isotope ratios from the southern midlatitudes, and (2) new information on the paleoecological preferences of planktonic foraminiferal taxa. The results indicate persistent warmth from the early Turonian until the mid-Santonian, cooling from the mid-Santonian through the mid-Campanian, and short-term climatic variability during the late Campanian-Maastrichtian. Moreover, our results suggest the cause of Coniacian-Santonian turnover among planktonic foraminifera may have been the diversification of a temperature-and/or salinity-tolerant genus (Marginotruncana), and the cause of the Santonian-early Campanian extinction of Dicarinella and Marginotruncana may have been surface-ocean cooling and competition with globotruncanids.

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