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Superhydrophobic photocatalytic PTFE – titania coatings deposited by reactive pDC magnetron sputtering from a blended powder target

Ratova, M and Kelly, PJ and West, GT (2017) Superhydrophobic photocatalytic PTFE – titania coatings deposited by reactive pDC magnetron sputtering from a blended powder target. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 190. pp. 108-113. ISSN 0254-0584

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Abstract

The production of photocatalytic coatings with superhydrophobic properties, as opposed to the conventional hydrophilic properties, is desirable for the prevention of adhesion of contaminants to photocatalytic surfaces with subsequent deterioration of photocatalytic properties. In this work polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) – TiO2 composite thin films were deposited using a novel method of reactive pulsed direct current (pDC) magnetron sputtering of a blended PTFE – titanium oxide powder target. The surface characteristics and photocatalytic properties of the deposited composite coatings were studied. The as-deposited coatings were annealed at 523 K in air and analysed with Raman spectroscopy, optical profilometry and scanning electron microscopy. Hydrophobicity was assessed though measurements of water contact angles, and photocatalytic properties were studied via methylene blue dye degradation under UV irradiation. It was found that variations of gas flow and, hence, process pressures allowed deposition of samples combining superhydrophobicity with stable photocatalytic efficiency under UV light irradiation. Reversible wettability behaviour was observed with the alternation of light-dark cycles.

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