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Happiness, Self-Esteem, and Prosociality in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence from a UK Population Cohort Study

McChesney, G and Toseeb, U (2017) Happiness, Self-Esteem, and Prosociality in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence from a UK Population Cohort Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. ISSN 1573-3432 (Submitted)

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Abstract

Background: High levels of happiness, self-esteem, and prosociality during childhood are all associated with a number of positive social and emotional outcomes. Little is known about whether these constructs co-occur and how the levels of co-occurrence are different in children with/without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Methods: Data was obtained from 13,285 11- year olds (408 with ASD and 12,877 without) who took part in the Millennium Cohort Study. Findings: Latent class analysis revealed five distinct classes: optimum (61%), moderate to high positive functioning (23%), low to moderate positive functioning (6%), low happiness (3%), and very low prosociality (7%). Only 32% of children with ASD were characterised in the very low prosociality class, which was associated with adverse behavioural and emotional psychopathologies.

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