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A short-term vehicular density prediction scheme for enhanced beaconing control.

Djahel, S and Zemouri, S and Murphy, J (2015) A short-term vehicular density prediction scheme for enhanced beaconing control. In: Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), 6 - 10 December 2015 IEEE. IEEE.

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Abstract

Channel congestion is a well-known problem in wireless networks in general and Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) in particular. Literature solutions propose to alleviate this problem by controlling the network load based on parameters like vehicle density or packet collision rate. In other words, each vehicle will observe the density of vehicles (or the packet collision rate) around itself in a certain time interval, and use this information to adjust its transmit parameters i.e. transmit rate and/or power, the next time it has a beacon to transmit (in the following time window). However, the information collected in the current time window might not still be valid in the next one. In fact, in a highly dynamic network like VANETs, vehicle density, and consequently the busy ratio and the collision rate, might vary a great deal even in the smallest time intervals. To cope with this newly identified problem, we propose a novel vehicle-centric short-term density prediction scheme that estimates the vehicular density around a given vehicle within the next time window allowing each vehicle to adapt its transmit parameters based on the current state of the network (as opposed to the previous state). The accuracy and the efficiency of our proposed scheme is demonstrated in a proof-of-concept case study, showing a significant improvement in terms of network performance.

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