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Association between preoperative haemoglobin concentration and cardiopulmonary exercise variables: a multicentre study

Otto, JM and O’Doherty, AF and Hennis, PJ and Cooper, JA and Grocott, MPW and Snowdon, C and Carlisle, JB and Swart, M and Richards, T and Montgomery, HE (2013) Association between preoperative haemoglobin concentration and cardiopulmonary exercise variables: a multicentre study. Perioperative Medicine, 2. ISSN 2047-0525

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Abstract

Background Preoperative anaemia and low exertional oxygen uptake are both associated with greater postoperative morbidity and mortality. This study reports the association among haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]), peak oxygen uptake (V ˙ O 2 V˙O2 peak) and anaerobic threshold (AT) in elective surgical patients. Methods Between 1999 and 2011, preoperative [Hb] and cardiopulmonary exercise tests were recorded in 1,777 preoperative patients in four hospitals. The associations between [Hb], V ˙ O 2 V˙O2 peak and AT were analysed by linear regression and covariance. Results In 436 (24.5%) patients, [Hb] was <12 g dl-1 and, in 83 of these, <10 g dl-1. Both AT and V ˙ O 2 V˙O2 peak rose modestly with increasing [Hb] (r2 = 0.24, P <0.0001 and r2 = 0.30, P <0.0001, respectively). After covariate adjustment, an increase in [Hb] of one standard deviation was associated with a 6.7 to 9.7% increase in V ˙ O 2 V˙O2 peak, and a rise of 4.4 to 6.0% in AT. Haemoglobin concentration accounted for 9% and 6% of the variation in V ˙ O 2 V˙O2 peak and AT respectively. Conclusions To a modest extent, lower haemoglobin concentrations are independently associated with lower oxygen uptake during preoperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing. It is unknown whether this association is causative.

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