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Defining a Theoretical Model: The Application of 3D Printing as a Disruptive Technology, Explored Through the Analysis of the Process of Creative Garment Development

Mechan, J and Housley, G and Keefe, E and Earnshaw, J (2016) Defining a Theoretical Model: The Application of 3D Printing as a Disruptive Technology, Explored Through the Analysis of the Process of Creative Garment Development. In: The Second International Conference for Creative Pattern Cutting.

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Abstract

With fashion brands such as Pringle and designer Iris Van Herpen utilising the technology to create innovative garments, 3D printing in fashion is playing a pivotal role in the reinvention of both material and structural processes (Braddock, Clarke & Harris, 2012).  Whilst the technology itself is not new, its use within commercial fashion is more recent, where typically the approach to design is through collaborative partnerships, reaching across other non-fashion disciplines. This project was initiated through the research and development of learning materials for undergraduate Fashion Design and Technology students, who are new to this process.  A model was developed with the aim to facilitate students understanding of how the technology can be applied within, across and outside of the boundaries of creative pattern cutting, including experimentation using 3D software. The factors affecting implementation of conceptual knowledge is discussed and applied to the model.  The role of 3D printing integrated within creative pattern cutting, design, product development, textile design and product modelling/engineering is explored.  The outcome of the research is the proposal of a theoretical model to inform teaching and learning.

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