e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

Cumulative risk effects for the development of behaviour difficulties in children and adolescents with special educational needs and disabilities

Oldfield, J and Humphrey, N and Hebron, J (2015) Cumulative risk effects for the development of behaviour difficulties in children and adolescents with special educational needs and disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 41-42. ISSN 0891-4222

[img]
Preview

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (540kB) | Preview

Abstract

Research has identified multiple risk factors for the development of behaviour difficulties. What have been less explored are the cumulative effects of exposure to multiple risks on behavioural outcomes, with no study specifically investigating these effects within a population of young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND). Furthermore, it is unclear whether a threshold or linear risk model better fits the data for this population. The sample included 2660 children and 1628 adolescents with SEND. Risk factors associated with increases in behaviour difficulties over an 18-month period were summed to create a cumulative risk score, with this explanatory variable being added into a multi-level model. A quadratic term was then added to test the threshold model. There was evidence of a cumulative risk effect, suggesting that exposure to higher numbers of risk factors, regardless of their exact nature, resulted in increased behaviour difficulties. The relationship between risk and behaviour difficulties was non-linear, with exposure to increasing risk having a disproportionate and detrimental impact on behaviour difficulties in child and adolescent models. Interventions aimed at reducing behaviour difficulties need to consider the impact of multiple risk variables. Tailoring interventions towards those exposed to large numbers of risks would be advantageous.

Impact and Reach

Statistics

Downloads
Activity Overview
280Downloads
142Hits

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

Altmetric

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item