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Applications of Compression Sportswear

Venkatraman, P. and Tyler, DJ (2015) Applications of Compression Sportswear. In: Materials and Technology for Sportswear and Performance Apparel. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4822-2050-6

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Abstract

Chapter 7, pages 171–204. Second paragraph: The main aim of this chapter is to present research relating to compression garments and highlight the recent developments relating to specific sports such as cycling, skiing and rugby. The benefits of compression garments were documented in various settings (sports, clinical and non-clinical), although convincing evidence remains elusive. The reported benefits of using compression garments were mainly in enhancing blood circulation, reducing the recurrence of injury, aiding recovery, providing muscle support and reducing muscle soreness. However, the claims made by manufacturers in boosting athletes’ performance are debatable and the evidence gathered so far is less convincing. The research relating to the benefits and limitations of using compression garments for sportswear is critically reviewed. Most studies used different settings, small sample sizes and it is necessary to question whether the findings should be extrapolated to a wider group. Contextual factors that influence garment design and development such as body shapes, fabric panels, materials properties, sizing and comfort are discussed. In addition, market trends in compression sportswear and factors affecting new product development are discussed in the context of designing innovative compression sportswear.

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