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Smart Beacons Transmission Rate and Power Control for Enhanced Vehicular Awareness in VANETs.

Djahel, S and Zemouri, S and Murphy, J (2014) Smart Beacons Transmission Rate and Power Control for Enhanced Vehicular Awareness in VANETs. In: The 17th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (IEEE ITSC 2014).

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Abstract

In this work, we are interested in periodic beacons transmission, the main cause of the Control Channel (CCH) congestion and the major obstacle delaying the progress of safety messages dissemination in VANETs. In order to offload the network, solutions that range from transmit rate to transmit power adaptations including hybrid solutions have been proposed. Although some of these solutions have managed to successfully reduce the load on the wireless channel, none, to the best of our knowledge, have considered the impact of the applied adaptation scheme on the overall level of awareness among vehicles and its quality. ETSI TS released a technical specification stating a limit for the minimum beacons transmit rate in order to maintain a good level of awareness among vehicles and ensure a certain accuracy in VANET applications. In this paper, we propose to jointly adapt both transmit rate and power in a new smart way that guarantees a strict beaconing frequency as well as a good level of awareness in closer ranges, while maintaining a marginal beacons collision rate and a good level of channel utilisation. First, the transmit rate is adapted to meet the channel requirements in terms of collision rate and channel load; then, once the minimum beacon transmit rate, set by ETSI, has been reached, transmit power is adapted in a way that guarantees a good level of awareness for closer neighbours. The simulation results show a significant enhancement in terms of the quality as well as the level of awareness.

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