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Structural Formation and Photocatalytic Activity of Magnetron Sputtered Titania and Doped-Titania Coatings

Kelly, PJ and West, GT and Ratova, M and Fisher, L and Ostovarpour, S and Verran, J (2014) Structural Formation and Photocatalytic Activity of Magnetron Sputtered Titania and Doped-Titania Coatings. MOLECULES, 19. ISSN 1420-3049

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Abstract

Titania and doped-titania coatings can be deposited by a wide range of techniques; this paper will concentrate on magnetron sputtering techniques, including “conventional” reactive co-sputtering from multiple metal targets and the recently introduced high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS). The latter has been shown to deliver a relatively low thermal flux to the substrate, whilst still allowing the direct deposition of crystalline titania coatings and, therefore, offers the potential to deposit photocatalytically active titania coatings directly onto thermally sensitive substrates. The deposition of coatings via these techniques will be discussed, as will the characterisation of the coatings by XRD, SEM, EDX, optical spectroscopy, etc. The assessment of photocatalytic activity and photoactivity through the decomposition of an organic dye (methylene blue), the inactivation of E. coli microorganisms and the measurement of water contact angles will be described. The impact of different deposition technologies, doping and co-doping strategies on coating structure and activity will be also considered.

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