e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

Chronic delivery of antibody fragments using immunoisolated cell implants as a passive vaccination tool.

Marroquin Belaunzaran, O and Cordero, MI and Setola, V and Bianchi, S and Galli, C and Bouche, N and Mlynarik, V and Gruetter, R and Sandi, C and Bensadoun, JC and Molinari, M and Aebischer, P (2011) Chronic delivery of antibody fragments using immunoisolated cell implants as a passive vaccination tool. PLoS One, 6.

[img]
Preview

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Monoclonal antibodies and antibody fragments are powerful biotherapeutics for various debilitating diseases. However, high production costs, functional limitations such as inadequate pharmacokinetics and tissue accessibility are the current principal disadvantages for broadening their use in clinic. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We report a novel method for the long-term delivery of antibody fragments. We designed an allogenous immunoisolated implant consisting of polymer encapsulated myoblasts engineered to chronically release scFv antibodies targeted against the N-terminus of the Aβ peptide. Following a 6-month intracerebral therapy we observed a significant reduction of the production and aggregation of the Aβ peptide in the APP23 transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. In addition, functional assessment showed prevention of behavioral deficits related to anxiety and memory traits. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: The chronic local release of antibodies using immunoisolated polymer cell implants represents an alternative passive vaccination strategy in Alzheimer's disease. This novel technique could potentially benefit other diseases presently treated by local and systemic antibody administration.

Impact and Reach

Statistics

Downloads
Activity Overview
31Downloads
80Hits

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

Altmetric

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item