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The PREDICTS database: a global database of how local terrestrial biodiversity responds to human impacts

Hudson, LN and Newbold, T and Contu, S and Hill, SLL and Lysenko, I and De Palma, A and Phillips, HRP and Senior, RA and Bennett, DJ and Booth, H and Choimes, A and Correia, DLP and Day, J and Echeverria-Londono, S and Garon, M and Harrison, MLK and Ingram, DJ and Jung, M and Kemp, V and Kirkpatrick, L and Martin, CD and Pan, Y and White, HJ and Aben, J and Abrahamczyk, S and Adum, GB and Aguilar-Barquero, V and Aizen, MA and Ancrenaz, M and Arbelaez-Cortes, E and Armbrecht, I and Azhar, B and Azpiroz, AB and Baeten, L and Baldi, A and Banks, JE and Barlow, J and Batary, P and Bates, AJ and Bayne, EM and Beja, P and Berg, A and Berry, NJ and Bicknell, JE and Bihn, JH and Boehning-Gaese, K and Boekhout, T and Boutin, C and Bouyer, J and Brearley, FQ and Brito, I and Brunet, J and Buczkowski, G and Buscardo, E and Cabra-Garcia, J and Calvino-Cancela, M and Cameron, SA and Cancello, EM and Carrijo, TF and Carvalho, AL and Castro, H and Castro-Luna, AA and Cerda, R and Cerezo, A and Chauvat, M and Clarke, FM and Cleary, DFR and Connop, SP and D'Aniello, B and da Silva, PG and Darvill, B and Dauber, J and Dejean, A and Diekoetter, T and Dominguez-Haydar, Y and Dormann, CF and Dumont, B and Dures, SG and Dynesius, M and Edenius, L and Elek, Z and Entling, MH and Farwig, N and Fayle, TM and Felicioli, A and Felton, AM and Ficetola, GF and Filgueiras, BKC and Fonte, SJ and Fraser, LH and Fukuda, D and Furlani, D and Ganzhorn, JU and Garden, JG and Gheler-Costa, C and Giordani, P and Giordano, S and Gottschalk, MS and Goulson, D and Gove, AD and Grogan, J and Hanley, ME and Hanson, T and Hashim, NR and Hawes, JE and Hebert, C and Helden, AJ and Henden, J-A and Hernandez, L and Herzog, F and Higuera-Diaz, D and Hilje, B and Horgan, FG and Horvath, R and Hylander, K and Isaacs-Cubides, P and Ishitani, M and Jacobs, CT and Jaramillo, VJ and Jauker, B and Jonsell, M and Jung, TS and Kapoor, V and Kati, V and Katovai, E and Kessler, M and Knop, E and Kolb, A and Koroesi, A and Lachat, T and Lantschner, V and Le Feon, V and LeBuhn, G and Legare, J-P and Letcher, SG and Littlewood, NA and Lopez-Quintero, CA and Louhaichi, M and Loevei, GL and Lucas-Borja, ME and Luja, VH and Maeto, K and Magura, T and Mallari, NA and Marin-Spiotta, E and Marshall, EJP and Martinez, E and Mayfield, MM and Mikusinski, G and Milder, JC and Miller, JR and Morales, CL and Muchane, MN and Muchane, M and Naidoo, R and Nakamura, A and Naoe, S and Nates-Parra, G and Navarrete Gutierrez, DA and Neuschulz, EL and Noreika, N and Norfolk, O and Noriega, JA and Noeske, NM and O'Dea, N and Oduro, W and Ofori-Boateng, C and Oke, CO and Osgathorpe, LM and Paritsis, J and Parra-H, A and Pelegrin, N and Peres, CA and Persson, AS and Petanidou, T and Phalan, B and Philips, TK and Poveda, K and Power, EF and Presley, SJ and Proenca, V and Quaranta, M and Quintero, C and Redpath-Downing, NA and Reid, JL and Reis, YT and Ribeiro, DB and Richardson, BA and Richardson, MJ and Robles, CA and Roembke, J and Romero-Duque, LP and Rosselli, L and Rossiter, SJ and Roulston, TH and Rousseau, L and Sadler, JP and Safian, S and Saldana-Vazquez, RA and Samnegard, U and Schueepp, C and Schweiger, O and Sedlock, JL and Shahabuddin, G and Sheil, D and Silva, FAB and Slade, EM and Smith-Pardo, AH and Sodhi, NS and Somarriba, EJ and Sosa, RA and Stout, JC and Struebig, MJ and Sung, Y-H and Threlfall, CG and Tonietto, R and Tothmeresz, B and Tscharntke, T and Turner, EC and Tylianakis, JM and Vanbergen, AJ and Vassilev, K and Verboven, HAF and Vergara, CH and Vergara, PM and Verhulst, J and Walker, TR and Wang, Y and Watling, JI and Wells, K and Williams, CD and Willig, MR and Woinarski, JCZ and Wolf, JHD and Woodcock, BA and Yu, DW and Zaitsev, AS and Collen, B and Ewers, RM and Mace, GM and Purves, DW and Scharlemann, JPW and Purvis, A (2014) The PREDICTS database: a global database of how local terrestrial biodiversity responds to human impacts. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 4. ISSN 2045-7758

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Abstract

Abstract Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species’ threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic extents, and that support computation of a range of biodiversity indicators, is necessary to enable better understanding of historical declines and to project – and avert – future declines. We describe and assess a new database of more than 1.6 million samples from 78 countries representing over 28,000 species, collated from existing spatial comparisons of local-scale biodiversity exposed to different intensities and types of anthropogenic pressures, from terrestrial sites around the world. The database contains measurements taken in 208 (of 814) ecoregions, 13 (of 14) biomes, 25 (of 35) biodiversity hotspots and 16 (of 17) megadiverse countries. The database contains more than 1% of the total number of all species described, and more than 1% of the described species within many taxonomic groups – including flowering plants, gymnosperms, birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, beetles, lepidopterans and hymenopterans. The dataset, which is still being added to, is therefore already considerably larger and more representative than those used by previous quantitative models of biodiversity trends and responses. The database is being assembled as part of the PREDICTS project (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems – www.predicts.org.uk). We make site-level summary data available alongside this article. The full database will be publicly available in 2015.

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