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A questionnaire investigation of the relationship between trait mindfulness, trait emotional intelligence, trait anxiety and psychological well-being of working adults

Grant, Yara (2012) A questionnaire investigation of the relationship between trait mindfulness, trait emotional intelligence, trait anxiety and psychological well-being of working adults. Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Trait mindfulness and trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) are associated with improved mental health and increased life satisfaction. Conversely, trait anxiety is widely associated with lack of psychological well-being (e.g. depression and anxiety). Previous studies investigated these variables in samples of undergraduate students. It has been suggested that working adults’ mental health are a cause for concern in the UK. Using a correlational survey design, the present study investigated relationships between these constructs, including the variable stress, in a working adult population (N=225), with an age range of 22-64. The correlations were consistent with hypotheses. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that trait anxiety was the only significant variable to predict depression. Trait mindfulness, traitEI and trait anxiety predicted anxiety symptoms in the expected directions. Additionally, trait mindfulness did not contribute to stress in the sample studied, but trait EI and trait anxiety revealed significant results, in the expected direction, as predictors of stress. Furthermore, it was found that trait mindfulness, trait EI and trait anxiety were significant predictors of satisfaction with life as hypothesised. The findings confirm the importance of these variables in the psychological well-being of working adults. The limitations, applications and further research directions are also discussed.

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