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Atherothrombosis and plaque heterology: different location or a unique disease?

Slevin, Mark and Wang, Qiuyu and Font, M. Angels and Luque, Ana and Juan-Babot, Josep O. and Gaffney, John and Kumar, Patricia and Kumar, Shant and Badimon, Lina and Krupinski, Jerzy (2008) Atherothrombosis and plaque heterology: different location or a unique disease? Pathobiology, 75 (4). pp. 209-225. ISSN 1423-0291

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Abstract

Formation of unstable plaques frequently results in atherothrombosis, the major cause for ischaemic stroke, myocardial infarction and peripheral arterial disease. Patients who have symptomatic thrombosis in one vascular bed are at increased risk of disease in other beds. However, the development of the disease in carotid, coronary and peripheral arteries may have different pathophysiology suggesting that more complex treatment protocols may have to be designed to reduce plaque development at different locations. In this review we describe the known risk factors, compare the developmental features of coronary and carotid plaque development and determine their association with end-point ischaemic events. Differences are also seen in the genetic contribution to plaque development as well as in the deregulation of gene and protein expression and cellular signal transduction activity of active cells in regions susceptible to thrombosis. Differences between carotid and coronary artery plaque development might help to explain the differences in anatomopathological appearance and risk of rupture.

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