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Unsteady MHD flow on a rotating cone in a rotating fluid

Roy, Satyajit and Takhar, Harmindar S. and Nath, Girishwar (2004) Unsteady MHD flow on a rotating cone in a rotating fluid. Meccanica, 39 (3). pp. 271-283. ISSN 0025-6455

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Abstract

Unsteady flow over an infinite permeable rotating cone in a rotating fluid in the presence of an applied magnetic field has been investigated. The unsteadiness is induced by the time-dependent angular velocity of the body, as well as that of the fluid. The partial differential equations governing the flow have been solved numerically by using an implicit finite-difference scheme in combination with the quasi-linearization technique. For large values of the magnetic parameter, analytical solutions have also been obtained for the steady-state case. It is observed that the magnetic field, surface velocity, and suction and injection strongly affect the local skin friction coefficients in the tangential and azimuthal directions. The local skin friction coefficients increase when the angular velocity of the fluid or body increases with time, but these decrease with decreasing angular velocity. The skin friction coefficients in the tangential and azimuthal directions vanish when the angular velocities of fluid and the body are equal but this does not imply separation. When the angular velocity of the fluid is greater than that of the body, the velocity profiles reach their asymptotic values at the edge of the boundary layer in an oscillatory manner, but the magnetic field or suction reduces or suppresses these oscillations.

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