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Development of an in vitro denture plaque biofilm to model denture malodour

Coulthwaite, Lisa and Verran, Joanna (2008) Development of an in vitro denture plaque biofilm to model denture malodour. ISSN 1752-7155

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Abstract

This study aimed to develop an in vitro denture plaque biofilm to model denture malodour. No previous studies have attempted to characterize the malodour associated with dentures and the effect of Candida spp. (main aetiological agent of denture-related stomatitis) on malodour. Pooled denture plaque microcosms and 'model' denture plaque biofilms (pooled saliva supplemented with additional microbial species) with and without addition of candida were grown aerobically at 37 °C for up to 13 days in a constant depth film fermenter (CDFF) on denture acrylic discs. Sample discs were removed, rinsed in sterile water and placed in phosphate buffered saline (PBS). The discs were vortex mixed to remove the biofilms, diluted in PBS and plated in duplicate onto general and selective media. The composition and stability of the biofilms over time were assessed. CDFF-grown microcosms and 'model' denture plaque biofilms were relatively stable in composition, with streptococci remaining the dominant microbial group. Model denture plaque biofilms were comparable in composition to denture plaque microcosms. This model system has the potential for evaluation of agents that might affect these parameters such as denture cleansers and other oral hygiene treatments.

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