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Prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in elderly patients admitted in post-acute intermediate care

Yohannes, Abebaw M. and Baldwin, Robert C. and Connolly, Martin J. (2008) Prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in elderly patients admitted in post-acute intermediate care. ISSN 0885-6230

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Depression and anxiety symptoms are common in medically ill older patients. We investigated the prevalence and predictors of depression and anxiety symptoms in older patients admitted for further rehabilitation in post acute intermediate care. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: An intermediate care unit, North West of England. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and seventy-three older patients (60 male), aged mean (SD) 80 (8.1) years, referred for further rehabilitation to intermediate care. MEASUREMENTS: Depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and severity of depression examined by the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale. Physical disability was assessed by the Nottingham Extended ADL Scale and quality of life by the SF-36. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients (38%) were identified with depressive symptoms, 29 (17%) with clinical depression, 73 (43%) with anxiety symptoms, and 43 (25%) with clinical anxiety. 15 (35%) of the latter did not have elevated depression scores (9% of the sample). Of those with clinical depression, 14 (48%) were mildly depressed and 15 (52%) moderately depressed. Longer stay in the unit was predicted by severity of depression, physical disability, low cognition and living alone (total adjusted R(2) = 0.24). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical depression and anxiety are common in older patients admitted in intermediate care. Anxiety is often but not invariably secondary to depression and both should be screened for. Depression is an important modifiable factor affecting length of stay. The benefits of structured management programmes for anxiety and depression in patients admitted in intermediate care are worthy of evaluation. Copyright (c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Full-text of this article is not available in this e-prints service. This article was originally published following peer-review in the International journal of geriatric psychiatry, published by and copyright John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Divisions: Faculties > Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care > Department of Health Professions
Faculties > Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care > Department of Nursing
DOI: 10.1002/gps.2041
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2008 14:21
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2016 11:49
URI: http://e-space.mmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30153

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