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Leukaemia inhibitory factor is over-expressed by ischaemic brain tissue concomitant with reduced plasma expression following acute stroke

Slevin, Mark and Krupinski, Jerzy and Mitsios, Nicholas and Perikleous, Christos and Cuadrado, Eloy and Montaner, Joan and Sanfeliu, Coral and Luque, Ana and Kumar, Shant and Kumar, Patricia and Gaffney, John (2008) Leukaemia inhibitory factor is over-expressed by ischaemic brain tissue concomitant with reduced plasma expression following acute stroke. European journal of neurology, 15 (1). pp. 29-37. ISSN 1351-5101

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Abstract

Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a glycoprotein of the interleukin-6 family, which has potent pro-inflammatory properties and is involved in regulation of neuronal differentiation. We have previously identified its upregulation in gene microarrays following acute ischaemic stroke in man. LIF expression and localization was measured in human ischaemic stroke autopsy specimens, in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and in human foetal neural cell cultures following oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Circulating LIF was determined in the plasma of patients in the hyper-acute stroke phase using a multiplex enzyme-linked-immunosorbent serologic assay system. Patients demonstrated an increase in LIF expression in peri-infarcted regions with localization in neurons and endothelial cells of microvessels surrounding the infarcted core. The rat MCAO model showed similar upregulation in neurons with a peak increase at 90 min. Circulating serum LIF expression was significantly decreased in the hyper-acute phase of stroke. Brain-derived neurons and glia cultured in vitro demonstrated an increase in gene/protein and protein expression respectively following exposure to OGD. Increased LIF expression in peri-infarcted regions and sequestration from the peripheral circulation in acute stroke patients characteristic of the pathobiological response to ischaemia and tissue damage.

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