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Pathophysiology of acute ischaemic stroke : an analysis of common signalling mechanisms and identification of new molecular targets

Mitsios, Nicholas and Gaffney, John and Kumar, Patricia and Krupinski, Jerzy and Kumar, Shant and Slevin, Mark (2006) Pathophysiology of acute ischaemic stroke : an analysis of common signalling mechanisms and identification of new molecular targets. Pathobiology, 73 (4). pp. 159-175. ISSN 1015-2008

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Abstract

Stroke continues to be a major cause of death and disability. The currently available therapies have proven to be highly unsatisfactory (except thrombolysis) and attempts are being made to identify and characterize signalling proteins which could be exploited to design novel therapeutic modalities. The pathophysiology of stroke is a complex process. Delaying interventions from the first hours to days or even weeks following blood vessel occlusion may lead to worsening or impairment of recovery in later stages. The objective of this review is to critically evaluate the major mechanisms underlying stroke pathophysiology, especially the role of cell signalling in excitotoxicity, inflammation, apoptosis, neuroprotection and angiogenesis, and highlight potential novel targets for drug discovery.

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