Preservation of eccentric strength in older adults: evidence, mechanisms and implications for training and rehabilitation.

Roig, Marc and Macintyre, Donna L. and Eng, Janice J and Narici, Marco V. and Maganaris, Constantinos N. and Reid, W. Darlene (2010) Preservation of eccentric strength in older adults: evidence, mechanisms and implications for training and rehabilitation. ISSN 0531-5565

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Abstract

Overall reductions in muscle strength typically accompany the aging process. However, older adults show a relatively preserved capacity of producing eccentric strength. The preservation of eccentric strength in older adults is a well-established phenomenon, occurring indiscriminately across different muscle groups, independent of age-related architectural changes in muscle structure and velocity of movement. The mechanisms for the preservation of eccentric strength appear to be mechanical and cellular in origin and include both passive and active elements regulating muscle stiffness. The age-related accumulation of non-contractile material in the muscle-tendon unit increases passive stiffness, which might offer mechanical advantage during eccentric contractions. In addition, the preserved muscle tension and increased instantaneous stiffness of old muscle fibers during stretch increase active stiffness, which might enhance eccentric strength. The fact that the preservation of eccentric strength is present in people with chronic conditions when compared to age-matched healthy controls indicates that the aging process per se does not exclusively mediate the preservation of eccentric strength. Physical inactivity, which is common in elderly and people with chronic conditions, is a potential factor regulating the preservation of eccentric strength. When compared to concentric strength, the magnitude of preservation of eccentric strength in older adults ranges from 2% to 48% with a mean value of 21.6% from all studies. This functional reserve of eccentric strength might be clinically relevant, especially to initiate resistance training and rehabilitation programs in individuals with low levels of strength.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Citation: Experimental gerontology, 2010, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 400-9.
Divisions: Legacy Research Institutes > Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health > Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 15:00
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2016 01:19
URI: http://e-space.mmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/109466

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